LVS + Keepalived之nat模式

一、仅lvs服务器端安装
yum install ipvsadm openssl-devel popt popt-devel libnl-devel 
cd /opt/src/
tar xzvf keepalived-1.2.7.tar.gz
cd keepalived-1.2.7
./configure
make && make install
cp /usr/local/etc/rc.d/init.d/keepalived /etc/rc.d/init.d/
cp /usr/local/etc/sysconfig/keepalived /etc/sysconfig/
mkdir /etc/keepalived
cp /usr/local/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/
cp /usr/local/sbin/keepalived /usr/sbin/

修改/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf文件
[root@WEB ~]# cat /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf  
! Configuration File for keepalived

global_defs {
   notification_email {
   
     123@123.com
   }
   notification_email_from 123@123.com
   smtp_server mail.123.com
   smtp_connect_timeout 30
   router_id LVS_DEVEL
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 52
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
       88.88.88.88 
    }
}
vrrp_instance LAN_GATEWAY {
    state MASTER               
    interface eth1
    virtual_router_id 52
    priority 100      
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.1.88
    }
}
virtual_server 88.88.88.88 80 {
    delay_loop 6
    lb_algo lc
    #lb_kind DR
    #lb_kind TUN
    lb_kind NAT
    persistence_timeout 60
    protocol TCP
   
    real_server 192.168.1.18 80 {
        weight 3            
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 30   
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 2
        connect_port 80
        }
    }
    real_server 192.168.1.68 80 {
        weight 3
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 30
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 2
        connect_port 80
        }
     }
 }
[root@WEB ~]# 
[root@WEB ~]# service ipvsadm start
[root@WEB ~]# service keepalived start

注意:
echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

二、实际服务器端的操作
将网关设置为lanvip的地址192.168.1.88

三、lvs查看

ipvsadm -ln
ipvsadm -lnc
ipvsadm -l -n --stats

调度算法:rr|wrr|lc|wlc|lblc|lblcr|dh|sh|sed|nq

LVS + Keepalived之tun模式

一、仅lvs服务器端安装
yum install ipvsadm openssl-devel popt popt-devel libnl-devel 
cd /opt/src/
tar xzvf keepalived-1.2.7.tar.gz
cd keepalived-1.2.7
./configure
make && make install
cp /usr/local/etc/rc.d/init.d/keepalived /etc/rc.d/init.d/
cp /usr/local/etc/sysconfig/keepalived /etc/sysconfig/
mkdir /etc/keepalived
cp /usr/local/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/
cp /usr/local/sbin/keepalived /usr/sbin/

修改/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf文件
[root@WEB ~]# cat /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf  
! Configuration File for keepalived

global_defs {
   notification_email {
   
     123@123.com
   }
   notification_email_from 123@123.com
   smtp_server mail.123.com
   smtp_connect_timeout 30
   router_id LVS_DEVEL
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 52
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
       192.168.1.88 
    }
}
virtual_server 192.168.1.88 80 {
    delay_loop 6
    lb_algo lc
    #lb_kind DR
    lb_kind TUN
    persistence_timeout 60
    protocol TCP
   
    real_server 192.168.2.18 80 {
        weight 3            
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 30   
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 2
        connect_port 80
        }
    }
    real_server 192.168.3.68 80 {
        weight 3
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 30
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 2
        connect_port 80
        }
     }
 }
[root@WEB ~]# 
[root@WEB ~]# service ipvsadm start
[root@WEB ~]# service keepalived start

注意:
打开转发或关闭,dr/tun模式无影响
echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

二、实际服务器端的操作

[root@]# cat /usr/local/vip_tun.sh 
#!/bin/bash
#srcipt to start LVS TUN realserver

VIP=192.168.1.88
case "$1" in

start)
#start LVS-TUN real server on this machine
/sbin/ifconfig tunl0 down
/sbin/ifconfig tunl0 up
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/tunl0/arp_ignore
echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/tunl0/arp_announce
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/tunl0/rp_filter
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/tunl0/forwarding

echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce
/sbin/ifconfig tunl0 $VIP broadcast $VIP netmask 255.255.255.255  up
/sbin/route add -host $VIP dev tunl0

;;
stop)
#stop lvs-TUN real server loopback device
/sbin/ifconfig tunl0 down

/sbin/ifconfig tunl0 down
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/tunl0/arp_ignore
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/tunl0/arp_announce
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/tunl0/rp_filter
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce
;;
status)
islothere='/sbin/ifconfig tunl0 |grep $VIP'
isrothere='netstat -rn |grep "tunl0"|grep $VIP'
if [ ! "$islothere" -o ! "$isrothere" ];then
echo "LVS-TUN real server stopped"
else echo "LVS-TUN Running"
fi
;;
*)
echo "$0: Usage: $0 {start|stop|status}"
exit 1
;;
esac
[root@localhost ~]#  /usr/local/vip.sh start|stop|status




三、lvs查看

ipvsadm -ln
ipvsadm -lnc
ipvsadm -l -n --stats

调度算法:rr|wrr|lc|wlc|lblc|lblcr|dh|sh|sed|nq

LVS + Keepalived之dr模式

一、仅lvs服务器端安装
yum install ipvsadm openssl-devel popt popt-devel libnl-devel 
cd /opt/src/
tar xzvf keepalived-1.2.7.tar.gz
cd keepalived-1.2.7
./configure
make && make install
cp /usr/local/etc/rc.d/init.d/keepalived /etc/rc.d/init.d/
cp /usr/local/etc/sysconfig/keepalived /etc/sysconfig/
mkdir /etc/keepalived
cp /usr/local/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/
cp /usr/local/sbin/keepalived /usr/sbin/

修改/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf文件
[root@WEB ~]# cat /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf  
! Configuration File for keepalived

global_defs {
   notification_email {
   
     123@123.com
   }
   notification_email_from 123@123.com
   smtp_server mail.123.com
   smtp_connect_timeout 30
   router_id LVS_DEVEL
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 52
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
       192.168.1.88 
    }
}
virtual_server 192.168.1.88 80 {
    delay_loop 6
    lb_algo lc
    lb_kind DR
    #lb_kind TUN
    persistence_timeout 60
    protocol TCP
   
    real_server 192.168.1.18 80 {
        weight 3            
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 30   
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 2
        connect_port 80
        }
    }
    real_server 192.168.1.68 80 {
        weight 3
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 30
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 2
        connect_port 80
        }
     }
 }
[root@WEB ~]# 
[root@WEB ~]# service ipvsadm start
[root@WEB ~]# service keepalived start

注意:
打开转发或关闭,dr/tun模式无影响
echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

二、实际服务器端的操作
[root@localhost ~]# cat /usr/local/vip.sh 
#!/bin/bash
# Script to start LVS DR real server.
# description: LVS DR real server
.  /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
VIP=192.168.1.88
#host=`/bin/hostname`
case "$1" in
start)
       # Start LVS-DR real server on this machine.
        /sbin/ifconfig lo down
        /sbin/ifconfig lo up
        echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore
        echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce
        echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
        echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce
        /sbin/ifconfig lo:0 $VIP broadcast $VIP netmask 255.255.255.255 up
        /sbin/route add  $VIP dev lo:0
;;
stop)
        # Stop LVS-DR real server loopback device(s).
        /sbin/ifconfig lo:0 down
        echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore
        echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce
        echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
        echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce
;;
status)
        # Status of LVS-DR real server.
        islothere=`/sbin/ifconfig lo:0 | grep $VIP`
        isrothere=`netstat -rn | grep "lo:0" | grep $VIP`
        if [ ! "$islothere" -o ! "isrothere" ];then
            # Either the route or the lo:0 device
            # not found.
            echo "LVS-DR real server Stopped."
        else
            echo "LVS-DR real server Running."
        fi
;;
*)
            # Invalid entry.
            echo "$0: Usage: $0 {start|status|stop}"
            exit 1
;;
esac
[root@localhost ~]#  /usr/local/vip.sh start|stop|status




三、lvs查看

ipvsadm -ln
ipvsadm -lnc
ipvsadm -l -n --stats

调度算法:rr|wrr|lc|wlc|lblc|lblcr|dh|sh|sed|nq